Blackheads: Why Do They Form and How to Reduce Their Appearance

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Published on April 04, 2018

Blackheads: Why Do They Form and How to Reduce Their Appearance

Woman being treated for blackheads

Woman being treated for blackheadsWho wants little black dots on their nose, chin, cheeks or other parts of their face? Blackheads are one of those things that are unwanted by all. But what are they? Blackheads are formed when dead skin cells and oil (sebum) collect within a hair follicle, producing a bump. When the skin over this bump is open, exposure to air causes the appearance to look black.

Who is more prone to blackheads?

Sherri Juranek, PIH Health Physicians medical aesthetician says that your chances of developing blackheads increase if you:

  • Have hormonal changes occurring
  • Produce too much body oil
  • Are taking certain medications, such as cortisone
  • Have improper hygiene

Treatment for blackheads

“Although the natural reaction to clearing blackheads is often squeezing the bump to remove the sebum trapped inside the pore, this is not the most effective treatment,” says Juranek. ”You may actually infect other follicles with bacteria and spread the problem.”

Instead, it is recommended that facials be done where a properly trained aesthetician can open the pores and extract the blackhead. Facials are recommended monthly for best results. “Microdermabrasions are another treatment that I have recommended to my clients for faster results,” added Juranek.

If treatment must be done at home, a good mask or topical ointment with benzol peroxide is recommended. “Masks with activated charcoal are great for detoxification,” said Juranek.

If you are interested in a facial, skin evaluation or microdermabrasion treatment, contact the PIH Health Dermatology, Aesthetics & Mohs Surgery Center at 562.789.5429.

The information in Healthy Living Online is for educational purposes only.  It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.  The reader should always consult his or her healthcare provider to determine the appropriateness of the information for their own situation, or if they have any questions regarding a medical condition or treatment plan.